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Pros and cons of various fabrics-how to choose and clean them?

In daily life, fabrics are in contact with us everywhere. Many of our clothes, mattress covers, fabric sofas, curtains, bags, shoes, etc. are made of fabric materials. There are many types of fabrics, and the advantages and disadvantages of different fabric materials are not the same. So, how to choose and identify various fabrics? How to clean different fabrics? How to maintain fabrics? Next, let’s learn about it.

Fabric types VS pros and cons


The advantage is that it is easy to keep warm, soft, and close to the body. It has excellent hygroscopicity and air permeability. The disadvantage is that it is easy to shrink and wrinkle, and is not very crisp.

various fabrics: cotton fabric
Linen fabric


The pros are high strength, moisture absorption, heat conduction, and good air permeability. The cons are that it is not very comfortable to wear. And it is rough and stiff.


It is light, soft, smooth, and breathable. And the color is gorgeous and shiny. So, we dress comfortably. The cons are that it is easy to wrinkle and easy to absorb. And it’s not strong enough and fades faster.

Silk fabric
Woolen wool

Woolen wool:

Woolen wool is wrinkle-resistant and wear-resistant, soft to the touch. And it looks elegant and crisp, elastic. In addition, the warmth retention property is strong. However, they are difficult to wash and are a bit harsh on the skin.

Chemical fiber:

Chemical fiber fabrics are bright in color and soft in texture. And they hang crisp, smooth, and comfortably. However, they are poor in abrasion and heat resistance, moisture absorption, and air permeability. In addition, they are easily deformed when exposed to heat and are prone to static electricity.

Chemical fiber

Fabric purchasing skills

Eye view:

Look at the luster and shade of the fabric and the dyeing condition. See if the surface is rough or not. Then, pay attention to the appearance characteristics of texture, grain, and fiber.

Hand touch:

Feel the softness, hardness, smoothness, roughness, elasticity, etc. of the fabric.

Ear hearing, nose smelling:

Hearing and smell are helpful in judging the raw materials of certain fabrics. Such as silk has a unique silk sound. Different types of fiber fabrics have different tearing sounds. There are differences in the smell of acrylic and wool fiber fabrics, etc.

How to count the size of the fabric?

How many meters is a yard of fabric? 1 yard = 0.9144 meters.
How many meters is 1 foot of cloth? 1 foot = 0.3333 meters
How many centimeters is an inch of cloth? 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters.

How to calculate how many meters per kilogram of fabric?
1000/square gram weight/meter width = meter length per kilogram.

For example:

There is a piece of velvet with a gram weight of 250 grams. Clothing fabric buyers need 2-meter-width velvet fabrics according to clothing typesetting. Then, we can use the above formula to calculate: 1000/250 grams/2 meters = 2 meters (per kilogram).

How to cut the fabric straight?

Spray a layer of water mist evenly on top. Then fold it up and put it in a large clean plastic bag. Then, rest for 1 or 2 hours. Distribute the moisture evenly so that the fabric is damp throughout.

Spread the damp cloth on a clean table. Observe that the cloth texture is properly proportioned. Often, twill fabrics are a little twisted. At this time, lightly twill the cloth in the diagonal direction of the twill to correct the direction of the fibers. Usually, we stretch toward the oblique direction.

Take a weft yarn or warp yarn from the place where the ironed fabric needs to be cut. Then, cut along the trace where the yarn was pulled so that it is neat.

We must draw the line on the fabric first. You can use chalk that is different from the color of the fabric to trace the outline on the paper. Then, turn the drawn paper over and spread it on the fabric. Use a line to trace the tomb along the back of the paper. In this way, the chalk is transferred to the fabric.

However, we should wait until it is completely ironed before cutting the ironed fabric. Because the wet cloth is easy to be pulled out of shape. Also, it’s easy to get crooked without realizing it.

How to clean the fabric?

Cotton fabric:

We can use neutral detergent, hand wash, or machine wash. But it is not suitable for chlorine bleaching and does not soak. Wash in time to avoid fading. It is not advisable to twist hard after washing.

Cotton fabric 02
Linen fabric

Linen fabric:

Dissolve the neutral detergent in warm water first. Then, put it in the soaked laundry. Avoid direct contact with dry clothes with lotion.

Do not soak colored fabrics in hot water. Avoid exposure to the sun, do not wring vigorously.

Silk fabric:

For silk fabric, choose neutral detergent for washing. And we should wash dark-colored clothes separately from light colors. Then, wash them in cold or warm water. Meanwhile, we should not soak it for a long time. Wash gently, and avoid wringing.

Silk fabric 01
Knitting fabric

Knitting fabric:

Hand wash in cold water with mild detergent if possible. Pat off the dust before washing, and soak it in cold water for 10-20 minutes. Take it out and squeeze out the water. Put in a detergent solution or soap solution and scrub gently. Then, rinse it with water.

Fabric processing technology

Machine Shuttle:

It uses two systems of yarns arranged perpendicular to each other, that is, transverse and longitudinal. Then, it is interwoven according to certain rules on the loom. Fabrics include denim, brocade, linen, and more.


Knitted fabric is a fabric formed by weaving yarns into loops. It includes weft knitting and warp knitting.


The nonwoven process bonds or stitches loose fibers. It mainly adopts two methods of bonding and piercing.


The braiding process uses two or more sets of threads. It is a product formed by mutual dislocation, card position, or cross-knitting. At the same time, it can also be a braided product in which one or more yarns are intertwined, twisted, and knotted.

Composite weaving:

It is made of two or more materials in woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, braids, non-woven fabrics, or membranes through interweaving, needle punching, and spun lace. Multi-layer fabric is formed by bonding, sewing, riveting and other methods.


Dye the yarn. Then, use colored yarn for weaving. Such as many shirting fabrics, denim, etc.

Printing and dyeing:

Print and dye the fabric after weaving. Such as a lot of printed cloth with colorful patterns


In the spinning process, we mix two or more different fibers together. And then, we weave them with the blended yarn.


When weaving, the warp and weft use different kinds of yarns or fiber filaments (bundles) to weave fabrics.

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